Some considerations of hazards in the use of lasers for artistic displays

by Richard W. Peterson

Publisher: U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Food and Drug Administration, Bureau of Radiological Health, Publisher: for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in Rockville, Md, Washington

Written in English
Published: Pages: 11 Downloads: 801
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  • Lasers in art

Edition Notes

Statementby Richard W. Peterson.
SeriesHEW publication ; (FDA) 79-8082, DHEW publication -- no. (FDA) 79-8082.
ContributionsUnited States. Bureau of Radiological Health.
The Physical Object
Paginationv, 11 p. :
Number of Pages11
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13635170M

The first use of a laser in medicine occurred in the early s, when physicians at Columbia-Presbyterian Hospital used a laser on a human for the first time, by destroying a retinal eye tumor with a ruby laser. The use of lasers in medicine has grown steadily since, as laser technologies become less expensive. But now anyone can buy and use multi-watt lasers. There have been some eye injury cases from higher-powered lasers. More worrisome, the public is pointing lasers at aircraft, distracting and flashblinding pilots. This happened about 16 times a night in the U.S. during   Guard against excessive wires and cables on the floor creating fall or slip hazards. Know where the closest Automated External Defibrillator (AED) is located and how to use it. Make sure personnel receive training about electrical hazards. Require cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training for service personnel, researchers, and their assistants. -Request additional personnel to assist with patient transfer-Use a friction-reducing transfer sheet-Use a slider or roller board-Use the draw sheet to lift the patient slightly to allow the skin to realign with the skeletal muscles.

Class 1 lasers are considered to be incapable of producing damaging radiation levels, and are therefore exempt from most control measures or other forms of surveillance. Example: some laser printers. Class 2 lasers Class 2 lasers emit radiation in the visible portion of the spectrum, and protection is normally. guidance for the safe use of lasers in manufacturing environments. It has been published as part of the ANSI Z series of laser safety standards. The base document of the series is the American National Standard for Safe Use of Lasers, ANSI Z The procedures and methodologies described in this standard are based onFile Size: KB. Many jurisdictions require that appropriate warning signage be placed in areas where lasers are being operated or on the laser system/equipment itself. An example is the "Caution: Laser In Use" sign shown at the top of these pages. The most common sign required is the "Danger Laser Radiation" sign reproduced below. Lasers and Aviation Safety A page paper by Patrick Murphy, describing the hazards to pilots, ways to reduce the hazards, regulations, and a brief history of laser/aviation incidents. An earlier version of this was presented at the March International Laser Safety Conference.

The world’s first laser came into the world on , a little over 50 years ed by Theodore Maiman, a PhD experimental physicist, it changed the world as we know e of it, millions of blind people are now able to see and machine tools are able to precisely drill holes ranging from a few microns to several millimeters in diameter in the hardest of metals. Mastering Light: An Introduction to Laser Safety and Hazards 1st Edition. by Laser Institute of America (Director) ISBN ISBN Why is ISBN important? ISBN. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book Author: Laser Institute of America. Lasers and laser products used at workplaces other than construction sites must be in accordance with AS (Reg. ). Lasers are also subject to the Western Australian Radiation Safety Act administered by the Department of Health. Some types of high powered lasers must be registered under this Act. Some lasers can produce hundreds of thousands of pulses per second. ^back to top. Hazards. The hazards related to the use of lasers vary depending on the type of laser, the power of the laser, the purpose and manner in which the laser is used, and the safety features of the laser. Health Hazards.

Some considerations of hazards in the use of lasers for artistic displays by Richard W. Peterson Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Some considerations of hazards in the use of lasers for artistic displays. [Richard W Peterson; United States. Bureau of Radiological Health.]. Author(s): Peterson,Richard W; United States. Bureau of Radiological Health.

Title(s): Some considerations of hazards in the use of lasers for artistic displays/ by Richard W. Peterson. A written safety plan should be completed, and kept in a book at the laser use site. This should include all policies and procedures, safety set-up checklists, procedure log sheets, verification of education and training of all personnel, credentials roster, documentation forms, audit reports, and materials supplied by the manufacturer Cited by: Laser Hazards.

Provides information to assist industrial hygienists in the assessment of work sites for potential laser hazards. Provides information on biological effects, hazard classifications, investigation guidelines, control measures, and safety programs. Warning Signs.

Provides a few examples of warning signs that may be used to alert. FDA Some Considerations of Hazards in the Use of Lasers for Artistic Displays (GPOSUO) (PB /AS, mf only). FDA National Corference on Referral Criteria for X-Ray Examinations (GPO$) (PB / AS, mf only). The human body is vulnerable to the output of certain lasers, and under certain circumstances, exposure can result in damage to the eye and skin.

Research relating to injury thresholds of the eye and skin has been carried out in order to understand the biological hazards of laser radiation. It is now widely accepted that the human eye is almost.

Risks from lasers. Lasers can cause complications or incidents, depending on whether the undesirable effect is within or outside the area of is no treatment in medicine which does not expose the patient to some risk of complication.

Even though lasers can be considered particularly safe instruments, their rate of complications is not zero. A wide variety of lasers are used in health care facilities. The type of laser depends on the purpose of use.

Lasers can be used as knives or probes and for imaging techniques. For example, laser knives can make cuts that do not bleed. They can be used to smooth skin wrinkles or remove skin moles, cysts, tattoos, spider veins, and so forth.

For further information on MPE values, refer to the ANSI Z “Safe Use of Lasers” Standard. Associated (Non-Beam) Laser Hazards: In some laser operations, particularly in the research laboratory, other aspects may require consideration.

Industrial Hygene Considerations. Special considerations apply to the use of lasers for medical and dental work, and lasers for display purposes. Such work must be very carefully planned and controlled. Some considerations of hazards in the use of lasers for artistic displays book Before the appropriate controls can be selected and implemented, laser hazards must be identified and evaluated together with non-beam hazards that may be present.

The book hasn't been updated so its missing some more recent topics in lasers but it is still an amazing book. Check out Silfvast and Demtroder for other books that are also well written and offer some expounding on some topics that this book is weak on/5(22).

To give some guidance on adequate handling and required precautions, laser devices are assigned to different safety classes, with class 1 being the least dangerous (containing e.g. lasers with microwatt power levels) and class 4 the most hazardous that the assignment to a laser safety class depends not only on the laser power, beam quality and laser wavelength.

• For Corporate and Nonprofit Members, the person affirming is a corporate owner or officer, who is signing on behalf of the corporation or organization."I" and "me" refers to anyone working for the Member who has laser safety responsibility. Although Members' employees do not have to read this specific document, if they work with lasers they should be aware of the information in.

Non-beam hazards are also associated with use of laser systems. • Lasers use high voltages which can be a hazard during normal operation and maintenance.

• The laser system must be properly grounded. • Electrical switches must be locked and tagged while servicing electrical equipment to prevent inadvertent energisation. Non-beam laser hazardsFile Size: KB. The use of lasers in the medical field is in determining the hazards and hazard controls.

Offers some protection from skin exposure to laser beams, unfortunately most OR’s use flammable gowns and drapes thus increasing the potential for fire hazards.

A comprehensive resource for safe and responsible laser use FDA authority over laser pointers and handheld lasers UPDATE May 2 FDA today announced its intent to effectively ban the sale of laser pointers and handhelds over 5 milliwatts. To do this, they are expanding the existing definition of “surveying, leveling and alignment” lasers to also include any laser that is compact.

Other U.S. laser regulators In addition to FDA/CDRH, the other federal agency with direct laser authority is U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulates occupational exposure to lasers, but not non-workplace safety hazards.

Some states and localities have laws regulating laser equipment or use. In addition, these laws may be of interest for. 4 1 Lasers: Fundamentals, Types, and Operations N N E 0 E E 1 E 3 E 0 E E 1 2 Fast decay Fast decay Fast decay Pumping Pumping Lasing Lasing (a) (b) Figure Energy level diagram for (a) three- and (b) four level laser systems.

N 1 to achieve the condition of population inversion between E 2 and E 1 at moderate pumping. Threshold Gain Coefficient for Lasing Laser File Size: KB. Examples of Lasers Used in Our Lives Lasers can be found everywhere in our world and is actively used in many different devices and places.

Here are some examples of how lasers are being used. We have reached a point where it would be very difficult to live without the aid of. CONTENTS Preface to Edition vii Acknowledgement viii Preamble x PART 1 INTRODUCTION TO LASERS AND THEIR HAZARDS 1 Introduction 2 The laser 2 Potential hazards 3 Maximum permissible exposure 4 Classification 5 Equipment maintenance and servicing 9 Record of laser equipment 9 PART 2 GUIDANCE ON THE File Size: 1MB.

Laser Hazard Classification Useful Resources Research studies, along with an understanding of the hazards of sunlight and conventional, man-made light sources have permitted scientists to establish safe exposure limits for nearly all types of laser radiation.

These limits are generally referred to as Maximum Permissible Exposures (MPE's) by laser safety professionals. Laser hazard classification is based on the ability of the primary laser beam to cause biological damage to the eye or skin during intended use.

UC San Diego researchers must determine the hazard classification of each laser or laser system they obtain or fabricate. Some high-power lasers are currently developed for potential use as directed energy weapons on the battle field, or for destroying missiles, projectiles and mines.

In other cases, lasers function as target designators or laser sights (essentially laser pointers emitting visible or invisible laser beams), or as irritating or blinding (normally.

This intermediate Laser Hazards for Construction online safety course is designed to communicate the importance of using the proper guidelines when working with lasers at the job site.

It is recommended that you continue to expand your knowledge on laser safety by taking additional laser safety classes, such as Laser Safety Officer training. Laser Show References: Art & Illumination laser shows Laser shows are often used for art and illumination projects if the accuracy of the laser beam is essential, or, if there is the need for good visible light rays.

There are many lighting artists that use laser light systems as central effects for their artistic displays or installations. Laserworld worked with several lighting artists in. Unintentional, accidental exposure to visible lasers ( nm), use seconds; Unintentional, accidental viewing of near infrared ( nm) beams, use 10 seconds; For all other lasers, use seconds or laser on time, up to 8 hours.

Determine the maximum irradiance or radiant exposure to which the eye may be exposed. The radiation safety of lasers used for display purposes This is a free-to-download, web-friendly version of HSG95 (First edition, published ).

This version has been adapted for online use from HSE’s current printed version. ISBN 0 7 Price £ This guidance booklet describes the design, installation and operational. Class 2 lasers' output power is below 1 milliwatt.

All Class 2 lasers emit visible light only. In Australia, the U.K., and many other countries, only Class 2 lasers can be sold as "pointers" or for pointing purposes.

(In the U.S., pointers can also be Class 3R.) Class 2 is the same as the Roman numeral "Class II" you may see on some lasers' labels. Immediately download the Laser summary, chapter-by-chapter analysis, book notes, essays, quotes, character descriptions, lesson plans, and more.

The pulse of light lasts for only about millionths of a second-but very intense. Early lasers could produce peak powers of some ten thousand watts. Modern lasers can produce pulses that are billions of times more powerful.

In the last analysis a. Product Code: _ | ISBN: Newly Revised! Written and produced by LIA, the version of the Mastering Light: An Introduction to Laser Safety & Hazards video fulfills both the ANSI Z Safe Use of Lasers and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA) laser safety requirements for employees who routinely work with or .drugs, including some antibiotics and fungicides, on the individual taking the medication and working with or around lasers.

Non-Beam Hazards In addition to the hazards directly associated with exposure to the beam, ancillary hazards can be produced by compressed gas cylinders, cryogenic and toxic materials, ionizing radiation and electrical shock.It should aid in the identification of the hazards associated with lasers and assist in the assessment of risk and in the implementing of control measures in both teaching and research laboratories.

Many of the technical aspects in this guide are explained at a level to accommodate people without a background in lasers or optical physics.